Advantage and Disadvantage Discussion
Advantage and Disadvantage
Sometimes a Special ability or spell tells you that you have advantage or disadvantage on an ability check, a saving throw, or an Attack roll. When that happens, you roll a second d20 when you make the roll. Use the higher of the two rolls if you have advantage, and use the lower roll if you have disadvantage. For example, if you have disadvantage and roll a 17 and a 5, you use the 5. If you instead have advantage and roll those numbers, you use the 17.
If multiple situations affect a roll and each one grants advantage or imposes disadvantage on it, you don’t roll more than one additional d20. If two favorable situations grant advantage, for example, you still roll only one additional d20.
If circumstances cause a roll to have both advantage and disadvantage, you are considered to have neither of them, and you roll one d20. This is true even if multiple circumstances impose disadvantage and only one grants advantage or vice versa. In such a situation, you have neither advantage nor disadvantage.
When you have advantage or disadvantage and something in the game, such as the halfling’s Lucky trait, lets you reroll the d20, you can reroll only one of the dice. You choose which one. For example, if a Halfling has advantage or disadvantage on an ability check and rolls a 1 and a 13, the Halfling could use the Lucky trait to reroll the 1.
You usually gain advantage or disadvantage through the use of Special Abilities, actions, or Spells. Inspiration can also give a character advantage. The
GM can also decide that circumstances influence a roll in one direction or the other and grant advantage or impose disadvantage as a result.
If you have inspiration, you can expend it when you make an attack roll, saving throw, or ability check. Spending your inspiration gives you advantage on that roll.
Using a crowbar grants advantage to Strength checks where the crow bar’s leverage can be applied.
A magnifying glass grants advantage on any ability check made to appraise or inspect an item that is small or highly detailed.
A military saddle gives you advantage on any check you make to remain mounted.
When mounted – You have advantage on melee attack rolls against any unmounted creature that is smaller than your mount.
Helping another with a task (where your assistance could actually be of help) adds advantage to their check.
If you are hiding – “the Dungeon Master might allow you to stay hidden as you approach a creature that is distracted, allowing you to gain advantage on an attack before you are seen.”
When a creature can’t see you, you have advantage on attack rolls against it.
Attack rolls against a blinded creature have advantage.
Invisible creature’s attack rolls have advantage.
Attack rolls against paralyzed and petrified creatures have advantage.
An attack roll against a prone creature has advantage if the attacker is within 5 feet of the creature.
Attack rolls against restrained or stunned or unconscious creatures have advantage.
If you wear armor that you lack proficiency with, you have disadvantage on any ability check, saving throw, or attack roll that involves Strength or Dexterity.
If the Armor table shows “Disadvantage” in the Stealth column, the wearer has disadvantage on Dexterity (Stealth) checks.
Small creatures have disadvantage on attack rolls with heavy weapons.
In lightly obscured areas – creatures have disadvantage on Wisdom (Perception) checks that rely on sight.
When attacking a target beyond normal range, you have disadvantage on the attack roll.
You have disadvantage when you use a lance to attack a target within 5 feet of you.
When you attack a target that you can’t see, you have disadvantage on the attack roll.
You have disadvantage on a ranged attack roll if you are within 5 feet of a hostile creature that can see you and that isn’t incapacitated
Blinded creature’s attack rolls have disadvantage.
Attack rolls against Invisible creatures have disadvantage.
Any level of exhaustion gives you a disadvantage on ability checks
A poisoned creature has disadvantage on attack rolls and ability checks.
A prone creature has disadvantage on attack rolls.
An attack roll against a prone creature has disadvantage if the attacker is more than 5 feet from the creature.
Restrained creatures have disadvantage on Dexterity saving throws and attack rolls.
The key thing for this discussion is what 3.5e rules will not be applied.
Example: Gain a +2 to hit from flanking
I started to do this myself, but someone already did the statistical analysis of advantage vs disadvantage.
This is one I was reading on the subject.
Basically, Advantage/Disadvantage is huge in the mid range.
This is why you kick my ass all the time. You normally need a number in the midrange to hit.